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Materials Research Institute

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Dr Cristina Giordano

Cristina Giordano

Reader in Chemistry

School of Biological and Chemical Sciences
Room G06, Joseph Priestley Building
+44 (0)20 7882 6605

www.sbcs.qmul.ac.uk/staff/cristinagiordano.html

Research

Novel synthetic strategies, Characterisation of nanostructures, Nanohybrid, Nanocomposites, Processing

Research Interests

Dr Giordano's research interests include Experimental Nanomaterial Chemistry Research, covering all relevant aspects from synthesis, characterization, processing and application.

Research in our group focuses on the design of novel/tailored pathways for the synthesis of advanced nanostructures based on metals, metal alloys and metallic ceramics. Metallic ceramics (namely transition metal nitrides and carbides) are a partially unexplored class of materials (e.g. compared to their corresponding oxides) and, as suggested by their name, they possess an intriguing combination of properties that place them between classical ceramics and pure metals. The number of envisaged applications is thus very broad and even broader going to the nanoscale (e.g. higher specific surface area, tailored properties via size- and shape- control, easier shaping and processing, etc). As “bulk” phase, metallic ceramics are mainly known for their superior mechanical properties but, due to their “dual” nature, the potentialities of these materials go far beyond. Formally produced by involving dangerous reactants coupled with needed high temperatures (up to 2000°C), these conditions were not enough appealing for a large scale production and unsuitable for nanoparticles synthesis. Our research work successfully aimed at designing novel pathways for the synthesis of metallic ceramics in order to expand their coverage in applied science.

The research performed up to now represents just the tip of an iceberg. Once the production of these materials can be made straightforward, any further modification, combination, manipulation, is in principle possible and unique systems can be designed.

Current research also focuses on multifunctional materials, colloidal dispersions and hybrids based on MN/MC nanoparticles. In particular on the design of tailored multifunctional materials (hybrids and nanocomposites) based on metallic ceramics, where solid state bridges soft matter to create unique materials for target applications.

A large part of our research is also performed through national and international collaborations.

Publications of specific relevance to Materials Research

Publications

2020

  • Giordano C, Defilippi C, Luque R and Rodriguez Padron D (2020). Simplifying Levulinic Acid Conversion Towards a Sustainable Biomass Valorisation. Royal Society of Chemistry  Green Chemistry  10.1039/C9GC04306C
  • Jiménez-Gómez CP, Defilippi C, Cecilia JA, Moreno-Tost R, Maireles-Torres P and Giordano C (2020). The role of nitride species in the gas-phase furfural hydrogenation activity of supported nickel catalysts. Elsevier  Molecular Catalysis  vol. 487, 10.1016/j.mcat.2020.110889

2019

  • Armetta F, Saladino ML, Giordano C, Defilippi C, Marciniak ¿, Hreniak D and Caponetti E (2019). Non-conventional Ce:YAG nanostructures via urea complexes. Scientific Reports  vol. 9, (1) 10.1038/s41598-019-39069-6
  • Fang Y, Li X, Wang Y, Giordano C and Wang X (2019). Gradient sulfur doping along polymeric carbon nitride films as visible light photoanodes for the enhanced water oxidation. Elsevier  Applied Catalysis B: Environmental  10.1016/j.apcatb.2019.118398
  • Giordano C (2019). Multimetallic Oxynitrides Nanoparticles for a New Generation of Photocatalysts. Wiley  Chemistry: a European Journal  10.1002/chem.201904033
  • (2019). HfN Nanoparticles: An Unexplored Catalyst for the Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction. Angewandte Chemie  vol. 131, (43) 15610-15616. 10.1002/ange.201908758
  • Giordano C (2019). HfN nanoparticles: an Unexplored Catalyst for the Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution Reaction. Wiley  Angewandte Chemie International Edition  10.1002/anie.201908758
  • Armetta F, Defilippi C, Giordano C, Caponetti E, Marciniak L, Hreniak D and Saladino ML (2019). Influence of cerium content and heat treatment on Ce:YAG@glass wool nanostructures. Journal of Nanoparticle Research  vol. 21, (7) 10.1007/s11051-019-4589-z
  • GIORDANO C (2019). Iron Carbide@Carbon Nanocomposites: a Tool Box of Functional Materials. Materials  10.3390/ma12020323

2018

  • García-Márquez A, Glatzel S, Kraupner A, Kiefer K, Siemensmeyer K and Giordano C (2018). Branch-Like Iron Nitride and Carbide Magnetic Fibres Using an Electrospinning Technique. Chemistry - a European Journal  vol. 24, (19) 4895-4901. 10.1002/chem.201705585

2016

  • Maurice V, Clavel G, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2016). Aerosol-Assisted Synthesis of Porous TiNxOy@C Nanocomposites. Chemistry - a European Journal  vol. 22, (33) 11624-11630. 10.1002/chem.201503768
  • Joshi U, Lee J, Giordano C, Malkhandi S and Yeo BS (2016). Enhanced catalysis of the electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction using composites of molybdenum-based compounds, gold nanoparticles and carbon. Phys Chem Chem Phys  vol. 18, (31) 21548-21553. 10.1039/c6cp02828d

2015

  • Lei W, Willinger MG, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2015). GaN and GaxIn1-xN Nanoparticles with Tunable Indium Content: Synthesis and Characterization. Chemistry - a European Journal  vol. 21, (52) 18976-18982. 10.1002/chem.201502875
  • Lei W, Willinger MG, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2015). Frontispiece: GaN and Gax In1-x N Nanoparticles with Tunable Indium Content: Synthesis and Characterization. Chemistry  vol. 21, (52) 10.1002/chem.201585262
  • Gupta S, Altin B, Giordano C, Gradzielski M and Mehta SK (2015). Noble metal/silica raspberry type hybrids: Synthesis and functionalization. Colloids and Surfaces a: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects  vol. 472, 50-56. 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2015.02.035
  • Ma L, Ting LRL, Molinari V, Giordano C and Yeo BS (2015). Efficient hydrogen evolution reaction catalyzed by molybdenum carbide and molybdenum nitride nanocatalysts synthesized via the urea glass route. Journal of Materials Chemistry A  vol. 3, (16) 8361-8368. 10.1039/c5ta00139k

2014

  • Milke B, Wall C, Metzke S, Clavel G, Fichtner M and Giordano C (2014). A simple synthesis of MnN0.43@C nanocomposite: characterization and application as battery material. Journal of Nanoparticle Research  vol. 16, (12) 10.1007/s11051-014-2795-2
  • Chieffi G, Giordano C, Antonietti M and Esposito D (2014). FeNi nanoparticles with carbon armor as sustainable hydrogenation catalysts: Towards biorefineries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A  vol. 2, (30) 11591-11596. 10.1039/c4ta02457e
  • Clavel G, Molinari V, Kraupner A and Giordano C (2014). Easy access to Ni3N- and Ni-carbon nanocomposite catalysts. Chemistry - a European Journal  vol. 20, (29) 9018-9023. 10.1002/chem.201400398
  • Shalom M, Molinari V, Esposito D, Clavel G, Ressnig D, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2014). Sponge-like nickel and nickel nitride structures for catalytic applications. Advanced Materials  vol. 26, (8) 1272-1276. 10.1002/adma.201304288
  • GIORDANO C (2014). Titanium Nitride-Nickel Nanocomposites as Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Hydrogenolysis of Aryl Ethers. American Chemical Society  Journal of The American Chemical Society  vol. 136, (5) 1758-1761. 10.1021/ja4119412
  • Liu X, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2014). A facile molten-salt route to graphene synthesis. Small  vol. 10, (1) 193-200. 10.1002/smll.201300812
  • Kaur R, Giordano C, Gradzielski M and Mehta SK (2014). Synthesis of highly stable, water-dispersible copper nanoparticles as catalysts for nitrobenzene reduction. Chemistry - An Asian Journal  vol. 9, (1) 189-198. 10.1002/asia.201300809

2013

  • Gupta S, Giordano C, Gradzielski M and Mehta SK (2013). Microwave-assisted synthesis of small Ru nanoparticles and their role in degradation of congo red. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science  vol. 411, 173-181. 10.1016/j.jcis.2013.08.030
  • Corbiere TCM, Ressnig D, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2013). Focused radiation heating for controlled high temperature chemistry, exemplified with the preparation of vanadium nitride nanoparticles. Rsc Advances  vol. 3, (35) 15337-15343. 10.1039/c3ra41040d
  • Giordano C and Corbiere T (2013). A step forward in metal nitride and carbide synthesis: From pure nanopowders to nanocomposites. Colloid and Polymer Science  vol. 291, (6) 1297-1311. 10.1007/s00396-012-2865-x
  • Liu X, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2013). Manipulation of phase and microstructure at nanoscale for SiC in molten salt synthesis. Chemistry of Materials  vol. 25, (10) 2021-2027. 10.1021/cm303727g
  • Schliehe C and Giordano C (2013). Bottom-up synthesis of Zn1.7GeN1.8O nanoparticles for photocatalytic application. Nanoscale  vol. 5, (8) 3235-3239. 10.1039/c3nr33561e
  • Glatzel S, Schnepp Z and Giordano C (2013). From paper to structured carbon electrodes by inkjet printing. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 52, (8) 2355-2358. 10.1002/anie.201207693

2012

  • Gao Q, Wang S, Tang Y and Giordano C (2012). Preparation of organic-inorganic hybrid Fe-MoO. Chemical Communications  vol. 48, (2) 260-262. 10.1039/c1cc15642j
  • Gao Q, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2012). Biomimetic oxygen activation by MoS2/Ta3N5 nanocomposites for selective aerobic oxidation. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 51, (47) 11740-11744. 10.1002/anie.201206542
  • Schliehe C, Yuan J, Glatzel S, Siemensmeyer K, Kiefer K and Giordano C (2012). Iron Nitride and Carbide: from Crystalline Nanoparticles to Stable Aqueous Dispersions. American Chemical Society  Chemistry of Materials  vol. 24, (14) 2716-2721. 10.1021/cm3007342
  • Villa A, Campisi S, Giordano C, Otte K and Prati L (2012). Mo and W carbide: Tunable catalysts for liquid phase conversion of alcohols. Acs Catalysis  vol. 2, (7) 1377-1380. 10.1021/cs300221w
  • Liu X, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2012). A molten-salt route for synthesis of Si and Ge nanoparticles: Chemical reduction of oxides by electrons solvated in salt melt. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 22, (12) 5454-5459. 10.1039/c2jm15453f
  • Gao Q, Wang S, Ma Y, Tang Y, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2012). SiO 2-surface-assisted controllable synthesis of TaON and Ta 3N 5 nanoparticles for alkene epoxidation. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 51, (4) 961-965. 10.1002/anie.201107216
  • Gobel R, Xie ZL, Neumann M, Gunter C, Lobbicke R, Kubo S, Titirici MM, Giordano C and Taubert A (2012). Synthesis of mesoporous carbon/iron carbide hybrids with unusually high surface areas from the ionic liquid precursor Bmim FeCl4. Crystengcomm  vol. 14, 4946-4951. 10.1039/c2ce25064k

2011

  • Gao Q, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2011). Controlled synthesis of tantalum oxynitride and nitride nanoparticles. Small  vol. 7, (23) 3334-3340. 10.1002/smll.201101207
  • Schnepp Z, Thomas M, Glatzel S, Schlichte K, Palkovits R and Giordano C (2011). One pot route to sponge-like Fe3N nanostructures. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 21, (44) 17760-17764. 10.1039/c1jm12842f
  • Giordano C, Kraupner A, Fleischer I, Henrich C, Klingelhöfer G and Antonietti M (2011). Non-conventional Fe3C-based nanostructures. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 21, (42) 16963-16967. 10.1039/c1jm11744k
  • Giordano C and Antonietti M (2011). Synthesis of crystalline metal nitride and metal carbide nanostructures by sol-gel chemistry. Nano Today  vol. 6, (4) 366-380. 10.1016/j.nantod.2011.06.002
  • Yuan J, Márquez AG, Reinacher J, Giordano C, Janek J and Antonietti M (2011). Nitrogen-doped carbon fibers and membranes by carbonization of electrospun poly(ionic liquid)s. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 2, (8) 1654-1657. 10.1039/c1py00196e
  • Yuan J, Schlaad H, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2011). Double hydrophilic diblock copolymers containing a poly(ionic liquid) segment: Controlled synthesis, solution property, and application as carbon precursor. European Polymer Journal  vol. 47, (4) 772-781. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2010.09.030
  • Portehault D, Devi S, Beaunier P, Gervais C, Giordano C, Sanchez C and Antonietti M (2011). A general solution route toward metal boride nanocrystals. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 50, (14) 3262-3265. 10.1002/anie.201006810
  • Giordano C, Yang W, Lindemann A, Crombez R and Texter J (2011). Waterborne WC nanodispersions. Colloids and Surfaces a: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects  vol. 374, (1-3) 84-87. 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2010.11.014

2010

  • García-Márquez A, Portehault D and Giordano C (2010). Chromium nitride and carbide nanofibers: from composites to mesostructures. Royal Society of Chemistry  Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 21, (7) 2136-2143. 10.1039/c0jm02612c
  • Schnepp Z, Wimbush SC, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2010). Synthesis of Highly Magnetic Iron Carbide Nanoparticles via a Biopolymer Route. American Chemical Society  Chemistry of Materials  vol. 22, (18) 5340-5344. 10.1021/cm101746z
  • Yuan J, Giordano C and Antonietti M (2010). Ionic liquid monomers and polymers as precursors of highly conductive, mesoporous, graphitic carbon nanostructures. Chemistry of Materials  vol. 22, (17) 5003-5012. 10.1021/cm1012729
  • Giordano C, Kraupner A, Wimbush SC and Antonietti M (2010). Iron Carbide: An Ancient Advanced Material. Wiley  Small  vol. 6, (17) 1859-1862. 10.1002/smll.201000437
  • Schnepp Z, Yang W, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2010). Biotemplating of metal carbide microstructures: The magnetic leaf. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 49, (37) 6564-6566. 10.1002/anie.201001626
  • Kraupner A, Markus Antonietti , Palkovits R, Schlicht K and Giordano C (2010). Mesoporous Fe3C sponges as magnetic supports and as heterogeneous catalyst. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 20, (29) 6019-6022. 10.1039/c0jm00774a
  • Khare V, Kraupner A, Mantion A, Jeli¿i¿ A, Thünemann AF, Giordano C and Taubert A (2010). Stable iron carbide nanoparticle dispersions in [Emim][SCN] and [Emim][N(CN)2] ionic liquids. Langmuir  vol. 26, (13) 10600-10605. 10.1021/la100775m
  • Portehault D, Giordano C, Gervais C, Senkovska I, Kaskel S, Sanchez C and Antonietti M (2010). High-surface-area nanoporous boron carbon nitrides for hydrogen storage. Advanced Functional Materials  vol. 20, (11) 1827-1833. 10.1002/adfm.201000281
  • Portehault D, Giordano C, Sanchez C and Antonietti M (2010). Nonaqueous route toward a nanostructured hybrid titanate. Chemistry of Materials  vol. 22, (6) 2125-2131. 10.1021/cm903709m

2009

  • Milke B, Strauch P, Antonietti M and Giordano C (2009). Synthesis of LiyMnSiOx and LiMnPO4 nanostructures. Nanoscale  vol. 1, (1) 110-113. 10.1039/b9nr00149b
  • Yao W, Makowski P, Giordano C and Goettmann F (2009). Synthesis of early-transition-metal carbide and nitride nanoparticles through the urea route and their use as alkylation catalysts. Chemistry - a European Journal  vol. 15, (44) 11999-12004. 10.1002/chem.200901496
  • Giordano C, Erpen C, Yao W, Milke B and Antonietti M (2009). Metal nitride and metal carbide nanoparticles by a soft urea pathway. Chemistry of Materials  vol. 21, (21) 5136-5144. 10.1021/cm9018953

2008

  • Giordano C, Erpen C, Yao W and Antonietti M (2008). Synthesis of Mo and W carbide and nitride nanoparticles via a simple urea glass route. Nano Letters  vol. 8, (12) 4659-4663. 10.1021/nl8018593