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Materials Research Institute


Dr Han Zhang

Han Zhang PhD, CEng, CSci, MIMMM, FHEA

Senior Lecturer in Materials Science

School of Engineering and Materials Science
Nanoforce, Joseph Priestley, Mile End
+44 (0)20 7882 2726
Google Scholar


Sustainable composites, Nanocomposites, High performance composites, Lightweight multifunctional composites, Polymer processing

Research Interests

Dr. Han Zhang is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London. His research motivation comes from the needs for the next generation of sustainable high performance composites with integrated multifunctionalities for future lightweight structural applications.

His expertise in the field of composites range from design and manufacturing to characterization of advanced composites and nanocomposites, especially of multifunctional composites for future lightweight structural applications. His current research focuses on the sustainable development of advanced composites, including energy efficient sustainable manufacturing, and integrated health monitoring and easy repairing functionalities for extended components' life. 

His current research areas mainly focus on smart multifunctional materials, sustainable composites and nanomaterials. The multifunctionalities in composites he is interested including strain and damage sensing, self-healing with preserved mechanical properties, and energy-efficient sustainable manufacturing based on self-regulating heating. Han has more than 50 publications in peer-reviewed journals including Advanced Functional Materials, Composites Science and Technology, and ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. Han is the recipient of the 2010 RH Craven Award from Institute of Materials, Mineral and Mining (IOM3) for his excellence in polymer materials. Han is also the Senior Scientist in Composites at Nanoforce Technology Limited, a spin-out company wholly owned by QMUL.



Publications of specific relevance to Materials Research



  • Le B, Kernin A, Khaliq J, Fu G, Huo D, Bilotti E, Zhang H and Shyha I (2021). Micro-end-milling of carbon nanotube reinforced epoxy nanocomposites manufactured using three roll mill technique. Journal of Manufacturing Processes  vol. 70, 307-320. 10.1016/j.jmapro.2021.08.048
  • Cheng K, Xiong W, Li Y, Tang D, Geng H, Sun M, Hao L, Wang HS and Zhang H (2021). In-situ deposition of diamond on functionally graded copper scaffold for improved thermal conductivity and mechanical properties. Materials Letters  vol. 299, 10.1016/j.matlet.2021.130050
  • Tao Y, Ren M, Zhang H and Peijs T (2021). Recent progress in acoustic materials and noise control strategies – A review. Applied Materials Today  vol. 24, 10.1016/j.apmt.2021.101141
  • Fan X, Gao Q, Gao Y, Zhang G, Huang F, Xiao R, Liu W, Wang F, Qin J, Bilotti E, Zhang H and Shi X (2021). Microcellular epoxy/graphene nanocomposites with outstanding electromagnetic interference shielding and mechanical performance by overcoming nanofiller loading/dispersion dichotomy. Composites Science and Technology  109000-109000. 10.1016/j.compscitech.2021.109000
  • Fan X, Wang F, Gao Q, Zhang Y, Huang F, Xiao R, Qin J, Zhang H, Shi X and Zhang G (2021). Nature inspired hierarchical structures in nano-cellular epoxy/graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites with ultra-efficient EMI and robust mechanical strength. Journal of Material Science and Technology  10.1016/j.jmst.2021.06.030
  • Wan K, Liu Y, Santagiuliana G, Barandun G, Taroni Junior P, Güder F, Bastiaansen CWM, Baxendale M, Fenwick O, Papageorgiou DG, Krause S, Zhang H and Bilotti E (2021). Self-powered ultrasensitive and highly stretchable temperature–strain sensing composite yarns. Materials Horizons  10.1039/d1mh00908g
  • Yin X, Li Q, Wang H, Yang W, Zhou X, Zhang H and Lyu W (2021). Enhancing the reinforcing efficiency in CNT nanocompositesviathe development of pyrene-based active dispersants. Rsc Advances  vol. 11, (39) 23892-23900. 10.1039/d1ra03711k
  • Liu Y, Zhang H and Bilotti E (2021). Polymer Nanocomposites for Temperature Sensing and Self‐regulating Heating Devices. Polymer Nanocomposite Materials  10.1002/9783527826490.ch9
  • He Q, Li X, Zhang J, Zhang H and Briscoe J (2021). P–N junction-based ZnO wearable textile nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting. Nano Energy  vol. 85, 10.1016/j.nanoen.2021.105938
  • Klayya S, Tawichai N, Intatha U, Zhang H, Bilotti E and Soykeabkaew N (2021). Tailoring nanofibrillated cellulose through sonication and its potential use in molded pulp packaging. Nanocomposites  vol. 7, (1) 109-122. 10.1080/20550324.2021.1949517
  • Carrola M, Asadi A, Zhang H, Papageorgiou DG, Bilotti E and Koerner H (2021). Best of Both Worlds: Synergistically Derived Material Properties via Additive Manufacturing of Nanocomposites. Advanced Functional Materials  10.1002/adfm.202103334


  • Bhatti MRA, Bilotti E, Zhang H, Bastiaansen CWM and Peijs T (2020). Photo-thermal actuation of ultra-drawn high-density polyethylene. Elsevier  Polymer  vol. 207, 10.1016/j.polymer.2020.122897
  • Meng N, Ren X, Zhu X, Wu J, Yang B, Gao F, Zhang H, Liao Y, Bilotti E, Reece MJ and Yan H (2020). Multiscale understanding of electric polarization in poly(vinylidene fluoride)-based ferroelectric polymers. Royal Society of Chemistry  Journal of Materials Chemistry C  10.1039/d0tc04310a
  • Sun Z, Wang L, Zhou J, Fan X, Xie H, Zhang H, Zhang G and Shi X (2020). Influence of polylactide (PLA) stereocomplexation on the microstructure of pla/pbs blends and the cell morphology of their microcellular foams. Mdpi Ag  Polymers  vol. 12, (10) 1-15. 10.3390/polym12102362
  • Liu Y, Asare E, Porwal H, Barbieri E, Goutianos S, Evans J, Newton M, Busfield JJC, Peijs T, Zhang H and Bilotti E (2020). The effect of conductive network on positive temperature coefficient behaviour in conductive polymer composites. Elsevier  Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  vol. 139, 10.1016/j.compositesa.2020.106074
  • Bhatti MRA, Bilotti E, Zhang H, Varghese S, Verpaalen RCP, Schenning APHJ, Bastiaansen CWM and Peijs T (2020). Ultra-High Actuation Stress Polymer Actuators as Light-Driven Artificial Muscles. Acs Applied Materials &Amp; Interfaces  vol. 12, (29) 33210-33218. 10.1021/acsami.0c07684
  • Lin Y, Cao J, Zhu M, Bilotti E, Zhang H, Bastiaansen CWM and Peijs T (2020). High-Performance Transparent Laminates Based on Highly Oriented Polyethylene Films. American Chemical Society  Acs Applied Polymer Materials  vol. 2, (6) 2458-2468. 10.1021/acsapm.0c00404
  • Li Y, Feng Z, Hao L, Huang L, Xin C, Wang Y, Bilotti E, Essa K, Zhang H, Li Z, Yan F and Peijs T (2020). A Review on Functionally Graded Materials and Structures via Additive Manufacturing: From Multi-Scale Design to Versatile Functional Properties. Advanced Materials Technologies  vol. 5, (6) 10.1002/admt.201900981
  • Liu Y, van Vliet T, Tao Y, Busfield JJC, Peijs T, Bilotti E and Zhang H (2020). Sustainable and self-regulating out-of-oven manufacturing of FRPs with integrated multifunctional capabilities. Elsevier  Composites Science and Technology  vol. 190, 10.1016/j.compscitech.2020.108032
  • Ren X, Meng N, Zhang H, Wu J, Abrahams I, Yan H, Bilotti E and Reece MJ (2020). Giant energy storage density in PVDF with internal stress engineered polar nanostructures. Elsevier  Nano Energy  vol. 72, 10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.104662
  • Rogalski JJ, Zhang H, Yao J, Bastiaansen CWM and Peijs T (2020). High-modulus rotary jet spun co-polyimide nanofibers and their composites. Nanocomposites  vol. 6, (1) 1-11. 10.1080/20550324.2019.1687174
  • Zhang H and Peijs T (2020). Chapter 9 Multifunctional composites based on hierarchical micro–nanostructures: design, manufacturing, properties, and applications. Fiber-Reinforced Nanocomposites: Fundamentals and Applications  10.1016/b978-0-12-819904-6.00009-8
  • Bellot CM, de Leo G, Zhang H, Kernin A, Scarponi C, Sangermano M, Olivero M, Bilotti E and Salvo M (2020). Dual in-situ water diffusion monitoring of gfrps based on optical fibres and cnts. Journal of Composites Science  vol. 4, (3) 10.3390/jcs4030097


  • Meng N, Ren X, Santagiuliana G, Ventura L, Zhang H, Wu J, Yan H, Reece MJ and Bilotti E (2019). Ultrahigh β-phase content poly(vinylidene fluoride) with relaxor-like ferroelectricity for high energy density capacitors. Nature Communications  vol. 10, (1) 10.1038/s41467-019-12391-3
  • Wan K, Taroni PJ, Liu Z, Liu Y, Tu Y, Santagiuliana G, Hsia I, Zhang H, Fenwick O, Krause S, Baxendale M, Schroeder BC and Bilotti E (2019). Flexible and Stretchable Self‐Powered Multi‐Sensors Based on the N‐Type Thermoelectric Response of Polyurethane/Na x (Ni‐ett) n Composites. Wiley  Advanced Electronic Materials  1900582-1900582. 10.1002/aelm.201900582
  • Li Y, Feng Z, Huang L, Essa K, Bilotti E, Zhang H, Peijs T and Hao L (2019). Additive manufacturing high performance graphene-based composites: A review. Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  vol. 124, 10.1016/j.compositesa.2019.105483
  • Lin Y, Tu W, Verpaalen RCP, Zhang H, Bastiaansen CWM and Peijs T (2019). Transparent, Lightweight, and High Strength Polyethylene Films by a Scalable Continuous Extrusion and Solid-State Drawing Process. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering  10.1002/mame.201900138
  • Feng Z, Li Y, Xin C, Tang D, Xiong W and Zhang H (2019). Fabrication of Graphene-Reinforced Nanocomposites with Improved Fracture Toughness in Net Shape for Complex 3D Structures via Digital Light Processing. C – Journal of Carbon Research  vol. 5, (2) 10.3390/c5020025
  • LIN Y, Patel R, CAO J, TU W, ZHANG H, BILOTTI E, BASTIAANSEN C and PEIJS AA (2019). Glass-like transparent high strength polyethylene films by tuning drawing temperature. Elsevier  Polymer  vol. 171, 180-191. 10.1016/j.polymer.2019.03.036
  • Kang Y, Chaoli W, Youbei Q, Junwei G, ZHANG H, Ton P, Jie K, Guangchang Z and Xuetao S (2019). Tissue-Engineered Trachea Consisting of Electrospun Patterned sc-PLA/GO-g-IL Fibrous Membranes with Antibacterial Property and 3D-Printed Skeletons with Elasticity. American Chemical Society  Biomacromolecules  10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00160
  • KERNIN A, WAN K, LIU Y, kong J, shi X, BILOTTI E, Peijs T and ZHANG H (2019). The effect of graphene network formation on the electrical, mechanical, and multifunctional properties of graphene/epoxy nanocomposites. Elsevier  Composites Science and Technology  vol. 169, 224-231. 10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.10.036


  • BILOTTI E, LIU Y, ZHANG H, PORWAL H, BUSFIELD J and PEIJS AA (2018). Pyroresistivity in Conductive Polymer Composites: A Perspective on Recent Advances and New Applications. Wiley  Polymer International  10.1002/pi.5735
  • Santagiuliana G, Picot OT, Crespo M, Porwal H, Zhang H, Li Y, Rubini L, Colonna S, Fina A, Barbieri E, Spoelstra AB, Mirabello G, Patterson JP, Botto L, Pugno NM, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2018). Breaking the Nanoparticle Loading-Dispersion Dichotomy in Polymer Nanocomposites with the Art of Croissant-Making. Acs Nano  10.1021/acsnano.8b02877
  • Tao Y, Liu Y, Zhang H, Stevens CA, Bilotti E, Peijs T and Busfield JJC (2018). Smart cord-rubber composites with integrated sensing capabilities by localised carbon nanotubes using a simple swelling and infusion method. Composites Science and Technology  vol. 167, 24-31. 10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.07.023
  • Liu F, Kong J, Luo C, Ye F, Luan X, Tian N, Liu Y, Zhang H, Gu J and Tang Y (2018). High temperature self-healing SiBCN ceramics derived from hyperbranched polyborosilazanes. Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials  10.1007/s42114-018-0044-3
  • Liu Y, Zhang H, Porwal H, Tu W, Wan K, Evans J, Newton M, Busfield JJC, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2018). Tailored pyroresistive performance and flexibility by introducing a secondary thermoplastic elastomeric phase into graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) filled polymer composites for self-regulating heating devices. Journal of Materials Chemistry C  vol. 6, (11) 2760-2768. 10.1039/c7tc05621d
  • Li Y, Zhang H, Liu Y, WANG HS, Huang Z, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2018). Synergistic Effects of Spray-Coated Hybrid Carbon Nanoparticles for Enhanced Electrical and Thermal Surface Conductivity of CFRP Laminates. Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.10.032
  • Zhang H, Liu Y, Huang M, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2018). Dissolvable thermoplastic interleaves for carbon nanotube localization in carbon/epoxy laminates with integrated damage sensing capabilities. Sage Publications  Structural Health Monitoring  vol. 17, (1) 59-66. 10.1177/1475921716683653


  • Taroni PJ, SANTAGIULIANA G, WAN K, Calado P, QIU M, ZHANG H, PUGNO N, PALMA M, Stingelin-Stutzmann N, Heeney M, FENWICK O, BAXENDALE M and BILOTTI E (2017). Toward Stretchable Self-Powered Sensors Based on the Thermoelectric Response of PEDOT:PSS/Polyurethane Blends. Wiley  Advanced Functional Materials  10.1002/adfm.201704285
  • LIU Y, ZHANG H, PORWAL H, TU W, Evans J, NEWTON M, BUSFIELD JJC, Peijs and Bilotti E (2017). Universal Control on Pyro-resistive Behaviour of Flexible Self-regulating Heating Devices. Wiley  Advanced Functional Materials  10.1002/adfm.201702253
  • Wong D, ZHANG H, BILOTTI E and PEIJS T (2017). Interlaminar toughening of woven fabric carbon/epoxy composite laminates using hybrid aramid/phenoxy interleaves. Elsevier  Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  vol. 101, 151-159. 10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.06.001
  • Gao Y, Picot OT, Zhang H, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2017). Synergistic effects of filler size on thermal annealing-induced percolation in polylactic acid (PLA)/graphite nanoplatelet (GNP) nanocomposites. Nanocomposites  vol. 3, (2) 67-75. 10.1080/20550324.2017.1333780
  • Li Y, Zhang H, Huang Z, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2017). Graphite Nanoplatelet Modified Epoxy Resin for Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastics with Enhanced Properties. Journal of Nanomaterials  vol. 2017, 10.1155/2017/5194872
  • Zhang H, Liu Y, Huo S, Briscoe J, Tu W, Picot OT, Rezai A, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2017). Filtration effects of graphene nanoplatelets in resin infusion processes: Problems and possible solutions. Composites Science and Technology  vol. 139, 138-145. 10.1016/j.compscitech.2016.12.020
  • ZHANG H, Li Y, porwal H, Huang Z, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2017). Mechanical, Electrical and Thermal Properties of In-situ Exfoliated Graphene/Epoxy Nanocomposites. Elsevier  Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.01.007


  • Li Y, Zhang H, Crespo M, Porwal H, Picot O, Santagiuliana G, Huang Z, Barbieri E, Pugno NM, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2016). In Situ Exfoliation of Graphene in Epoxy Resins: A Facile Strategy to Efficient and Large Scale Graphene Nanocomposites. Acs Appl Mater Interfaces  vol. 8, (36) 24112-24122. 10.1021/acsami.6b07492
  • Asare E, Basir A, Tu W, Porwal H, Zhang H, Liu Y, Evans J, Newton M, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2016). Effect of mixed fillers on positive temperature coefficient of conductive polymer composites. Nanocomposites  vol. 2, (2) 58-64. 10.1080/20550324.2016.1192796
  • Li Y, Porwal H, Huang Z, Zhang H, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2016). Enhanced Thermal and Electrical Properties of Polystyrene-Graphene Nanofibers via Electrospinning. Journal of Nanomaterials  vol. 2016, 10.1155/2016/4624976
  • Li Y, Zhang H, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2016). Optimization of Three-Roll Mill Parameters for In-Situ Exfoliation of Graphene. Mrs Advances  vol. 1, (19) 1389-1394. 10.1557/adv.2016.191
  • Li Y, Zhang H, Peijs T and Bilotti E (2016). Graphene Delivery Systems for Hierarchical Fiber Reinforced Composites. Mrs Advances  vol. 1, (19) 1339-1344. 10.1557/adv.2016.92
  • Zhang H, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2016). Nano-engineered hierarchical carbon fibres and their composites: Preparation, properties and multifunctionalities. The Structural Integrity of Carbon Fiber Composites: Fifty Years of Progress and Achievement of The Science, Development, and Ap  10.1007/978-3-319-46120-5_5


  • Zhang H, Bharti A, Li Z, Du S, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). Localized toughening of carbon/epoxy laminates using dissolvable thermoplastic interleaves and electrospun fibres. Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  vol. 79, 116-126. 10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.09.024
  • Zhang H, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). The use of carbon nanotubes for damage sensing and structural health monitoring in laminated composites: a review. Nanocomposites  vol. 1, (4) 167-184. 10.1080/20550324.2015.1113639
  • Zhang H, Bilotti E, Tu W, Lew CY and Peijs T (2015). Static and dynamic percolation of phenoxy/carbon nanotube nanocomposites. European Polymer Journal  vol. 68, 128-138. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.04.022
  • Zhang H, Liu Y, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). In-situ monitoring of interlaminar shear damage in carbon fibre composites. Advanced Composites Letters  vol. 24, (4) 92-97. 10.1177/096369351502400405
  • Zhang H, Liu Y, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). In-Situ Monitoring of Interlaminar Shear Damage in Carbon Fibre Composites. Advanced Composites Letters  vol. 24, (4) 10.1177/096369351502400405
  • Zhang H, Liu Y, Kuwata M, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). Improved fracture toughness and integrated damage sensing capability by spray coated CNTs on carbon fibre prepreg. Composites Part a: Applied Science and Manufacturing  vol. 70, 102-110. 10.1016/j.compositesa.2014.11.029
  • Zhang H, Kuwata M, Bilotti E and Peijs T (2015). Integrated damage sensing in fibre-reinforced composites with extremely low carbon nanotube loadings. Journal of Nanomaterials  vol. 2015, 10.1155/2015/785834


  • Bilotti E, Zhang H, Deng H, Zhang R, Fu Q and Peijs T (2013). Controlling the dynamic percolation of carbon nanotube based conductive polymer composites by addition of secondary nanofillers: The effect on electrical conductivity and tuneable sensing behaviour. Composites Science and Technology  vol. 74, 85-90. 10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.10.008