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Materials Research Institute

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Dr Remzi Becer

BSc, MSc, PhD

Senior Lecturer in Materials Science

Department School of Engineering and Materials Science
 Engineering 221, Mile End
Telephone +44 (0)20 7882 6534

Research Keywords

Polymer Synthesis, Smart Materials, Glycopolymers, Nanomedicine, High-Throughput Experimentation

Research Interests

Our main research focus is on preparation of designed functional polymers. We are interested in developing new synthesis techniques, catalysts, initiators and monomers. We use advanced polymer synthesis techniques such as controlled radical polymerizations, anionic polymerization, cationic polymerization as well as click reactions. In particular, metal free click reactions provide excellent polymeric materials that can be used in various applications. You can find below som of the polymer properties or application areas that we are currently interested in. However, we are not limited with any synthesis technique or application areas and we are quite open to work on new areas that will have polymer synthesis and characterization in the core.


Liu R, Becer CR and Screen HRC (2018). Guided Cell Attachment via Aligned Electrospinning of Glycopolymers. Macromol Biosci  vol. 18, (12) 10.1002/mabi.201800293

(2018). Thioester functional polymers. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 9, (36) 4507-4516. 10.1039/c8py00872h

(2018). Hybrids of Silica/Poly(caprolactone coglycidoxypropyl trimethoxysilane) as Biomaterials. Chemistry of Materials  vol. 30, (11) 3743-3751. 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00751

Yilmaz G, Uzunova V, Hartweg M, Beyer V, Napier R and Becer CR (2018). The effect of linker length on ConA and DC-SIGN binding of: S -glucosyl functionalized poly(2-oxazoline)s. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 9, (5) 611-618. 10.1039/c7py01939d

Hartweg M, Edwards-Gayle CJC, Radvar E, Collis D, Reza M, Kaupp M, Steinkoenig J, Ruokolainen J, Rambo R, Barner-Kowollik C, Hamley IW, Azevedo HS and Becer CR (2018). Ugi multicomponent reaction to prepare peptide-peptoid hybrid structures with diverse chemical functionalities. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 9, (4) 482-489. 10.1039/c7py01953j


Abdouni Y, Yilmaz G and Becer CR (2017). Sequence and Architectural Control in Glycopolymer Synthesis. Macromol Rapid Commun  vol. 38, (24) 10.1002/marc.201700212

Abdouni Y, Yilmaz G and Becer CR (2017). Sequence Controlled Polymers from a Novel ?-Cyclodextrin Core. Macromol Rapid Commun  vol. 38, (24) 10.1002/marc.201700501

Holloway JO, Aksakal S, Du Prez FE and Becer CR (2017). Tailored Modification of Thioacrylates in a Versatile, Sequence-Defined Procedure. Macromol Rapid Commun  10.1002/marc.201700500

Mitchell DA, Zhang Q, Voorhaar L, Haddleton DM, Herath S, Gleinich AS, Randeva HS, Crispin M, Lehnert H, Wallis R, Patterson S and Becer CR (2017). Manipulation of cytokine secretion in human dendritic cells using glycopolymers with picomolar affinity for DC-SIGN. Chemical Science  vol. 8, (10) 6974-6980. 10.1039/c7sc01515a

BECER CR, Screen HRC, Patel D and Liu R (2017). A2B-Miktoarm Glycopolymer Fibers and Their Interactions with Tenocytes. American Chemical Society  Bioconjugate Chemistry  10.1021/acs.bioconjchem.7b00279

Lavilla C, Yilmaz G, Uzunova V, Napier R, Becer CR and Heise A (2017). Block-Sequence-Specific Glycopolypeptides with Selective Lectin Binding Properties. Biomacromolecules  vol. 18, (6) 1928-1936. 10.1021/acs.biomac.7b00356

Ma├žon ALB, Kasuga T, Remzi Becer C and Jones JR (2017). Silica/methacrylate class II hybrid: telomerisation vs. RAFT polymerisation. Polym. Chem.  vol. 8, (23) 3603-3611. 10.1039/C7PY00516D


Aksakal R, Resmini M and Becer CR (2016). SET-LRP of acrylates catalyzed by a 1 penny copper coin. Royal Society of Chemistry  Polymer Chemistry  vol. 7, (43) 6564-6569. 10.1039/c6py01295g

Becer CR (2016). Glyconanoparticles with controlled morphologies and their interactions with a dendritic cell lectin. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 7, (41) 6293-6296. 10.1039/c6py01523a

Aksakal S and Remzi Becer C (2016). Poly(thioacrylate)s: Expanding the monomer toolbox of functional polymers. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 7, (45) 7011-7018. 10.1039/c6py01721e

Yilmaz G, Demir B, Timur S and Becer CR (2016). Poly(methacrylic acid)-Coated Gold Nanoparticles: Functional Platforms for Theranostic Applications. Biomacromolecules  vol. 17, (9) 2901-2911. 10.1021/acs.biomac.6b00706

Hartweg M and Becer CR (2016). Direct polymerization of levulinic acid via Ugi multicomponent reaction. Green Chemistry  vol. 18, (11) 3272-3277. 10.1039/c6gc00372a

Aksakal R, Resmini M and Becer CR (2016). Pentablock star shaped polymers in less than 90 minutes via aqueous SET-LRP. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 7, (1) 171-175. 10.1039/c5py01623a

Malins EL, Waterson C and Becer CR (2016). Utilising alternative modifications of ?-olefin end groups to synthesise amphiphilic block copolymers. Rsc Adv.  vol. 6, (75) 71773-71780. 10.1039/C6RA15346A


(2015). Synthesis of Glycopolymers and Recent Developments. Carbohydrate Nanotechnology  10.1002/9781118860212.ch6

Biela A, Watkinson M, Meier UC, Baker D, Giovannoni G, Becer CR and Krause S (2015). Disposable MMP-9 sensor based on the degradation of peptide cross-linked hydrogel films using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 68, 660-667. 10.1016/j.bios.2015.01.060

Yilmaz G and Becer CR (2015). Glyconanoparticles and their interactions with lectins. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 6, 5503-5514. 10.1039/c5py00089k

Isikgor FH and Becer CR (2015). Lignocellulosic biomass: a sustainable platform for the production of bio-based chemicals and polymers. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 6, 4497-4559. 10.1039/c5py00263j

Malins EL, Amabilino S, Yilmaz G, Isikgor FH, Gridley BM and Becer CR (2015). Precise insertion of clickable monomer along polymer backbone by dynamic temperature controlled radical polymerization. European Polymer Journal  vol. 62, 347-351. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2014.06.028

Cakir N, Hizal G and Becer CR (2015). Supramolecular glycopolymers with thermo-responsive self-assembly and lectin binding. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 6, 6623-6631. 10.1039/c5py00939a

Alli A, Alli S, Becer CR and Hazer B (2015). Nitroxide-mediated copolymerization of styrene and pentafluorostyrene initiated by polymeric linoleic acid. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology  10.1002/ejlt.201500129


Chen G, Wallis R, Mitchell DA, Haddleton DM and Becer CR (2014). Dendritic cell lectin-targeting sentinel-like unimolecular glycoconjugates to release an anti-HIV drug. Journal of The American Chemical Society  vol. 136, (11) 4325-4332. 10.1021/ja4131565

(2014). A new proton sponge polymer synthesized by RAFT polymerization for intracellular delivery of biotherapeutics. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 5, (5) 1593-1604. 10.1039/c3py01244a

Girault M, McEwan K, Haddleton DM, Droesbeke M, Haddleton AJ, Wilson P, Simula A, Collins J, Lloyd DJ, Burns JA, Summers C, Houben C, Anastasaki A, Li M, Becer CR, Kiviaho JK and Risangud N (2014). Absolut copper catalyzation perfected; Robust living polymerization of NIPAM: Guinness is good for SET-LRP. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 5, (1) 57-61. 10.1039/c3py01075a

Zhang Q, Collins J, Anastasaki A, Wallis R, Mitchell DA, Becer CR, Wilson P and Haddleton DM (2014). Sequence-controlled multi-block glycopolymers via Cu(0) mediated living radical polymerization. Acs Symposium Series  vol. 1170, 327-348. 10.1021/bk-2014-1170.ch022

Alli A, Alli S, Becer CR and Hazer B (2014). One-pot synthesis of poly(linoleic acid)-g-poly(styrene)-g-poly(?- caprolactone) graft copolymers. Jaocs, Journal of The American Oil Chemists? Society  vol. 91, 849-858. 10.1007/s11746-014-2418-1

Vandewalle S, Wallyn S, Chattopadhyay S, Becer CR and Du Prez F (2014). Thermoresponsive hyperbranched glycopolymers: Synthesis, characterization and lectin interaction studies. European Polymer Journal  vol. 69, 490-498. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.01.044

Alli A, Alli S, Becer CR and Hazer B (2014). One-Pot Synthesis of Poly(linoleic acid)-g-Poly(styrene)-g-Poly(?-caprolactone) Graft Copolymers. Jaocs, Journal of The American Oil Chemists' Society  1-10.


(2013). Synthetic glycopolypeptides as potential inhibitory agents for dendritic cells and HIV-1 trafficking. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 34, (19) 1542-1546. 10.1002/marc.201300439

Yilmaz G and Becer CR (2013). Precision glycopolymers and their interactions with lectins. European Polymer Journal  vol. 49, (10) 3046-3051. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2013.06.001

(2013). Non-amide kinetic hydrate inhibitors: Performance of a series of polymers of isopropenyloxazoline on structure II gas hydrates. Energy and Fuels  vol. 27, (6) 3154-3160. 10.1021/ef400581c

(2013). A detailed study on understanding glycopolymer library and Con A interactions. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 51, (12) 2588-2597. 10.1002/pola.26646

(2013). Sequence-controlled multi-block glycopolymers to inhibit DC-SIGN-gp120 binding. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 52, (16) 4435-4439. 10.1002/anie.201300068

Yilmaz G and Becer CR (2013). Precision glycopolymers and their interactions with lectins. European Polymer Journal  10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2013.06.001

Burns JA, Gibson MI and Becer CR (2013). Glycopolymers via Post-Polymerization Modification Techniques. 10.1002/9783527655427.ch10

Huang J, Zhang Q, Li G-Z, Haddleton DM, Wallis R, Mitchell D, Heise A and Becer CR (2013). Synthetic Glycopolypeptides as Potential Inhibitory Agents for Dendritic Cells and HIV-1 Trafficking. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  10.1002/marc.201300439


(2012). Thermo-induced self-assembly of responsive poly(DMAEMA-b-DEGMA) block copolymers into multi- and unilamellar vesicles. Macromolecules  vol. 45, (23) 9292-9302. 10.1021/ma301867h

(2012). Block copolymers of poly(2-oxazoline)s and poly(meth)acrylates: A crossover between cationic ring-opening polymerization (CROP) and reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT). Acs Macro Letters  vol. 1, (6) 776-779. 10.1021/mz300128p

(2012). Investigations on the combination of cationic ring opening polymerization and single electron transfer living radical polymerization to synthesize 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline block copolymers. Australian Journal of Chemistry  vol. 65, (8) 1132-1138. 10.1071/CH12247

Stanca S, Foertsch F, Becer CR, Gottschaldt M, Biskup C and Schubert US (2012). Uptake of well-defined, highly glycosylated, pentafluorostyrene-based polymers and nanoparticles by human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Macromolecular Bioscience  vol. 12, (9) 1190-1199. 10.1002/mabi.201200024

(2012). Cyclodextrin-centred star polymers synthesized via a combination of thiol-ene click and ring opening polymerization. Chemical Communications  vol. 48, (65) 8063-8065. 10.1039/c2cc33742h

(2012). Controlled alternate layer-by-layer assembly of lectins and glycopolymers using QCM-D. Acs Macro Letters  vol. 1, (1) 180-183. 10.1021/mz200063r

(2012). The glycopolymer code: Synthesis of glycopolymers and multivalent carbohydrate-lectin interactions. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 33, (9) 742-752. 10.1002/marc.201200055

(2012). 2-Isopropenyl-2-oxazoline: A versatile monomer for functionalization of polymers obtained via RAFT. Macromolecules  vol. 45, (1) 20-27. 10.1021/ma2021387

(2012). Adsorption behaviour of sulfur containing polymers to gold surfaces using QCM-D. Soft Matter  vol. 8, (1) 118-128. 10.1039/c1sm06410j

(2012). Clicking on/with polymers: A rapidly expanding field for the straightforward preparation of novel macromolecular architectures. Chemical Society Reviews  vol. 41, (1) 176-191. 10.1039/c1cs15107j

Burns JA, Haddleton DM and Becer CR (2012). Synthesis and SEC characterization of poly(methyl methacrylate) star polymers. Acs Symposium Series  vol. 1101, 81-98. 10.1021/bk-2012-1101.ch006


(2011). Thermal properties of oligo(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) containing comb and graft copolymers and their aqueous solutions. Macromolecular Symposia  vol. 308, (1) 17-24. 10.1002/masy.201151004

(2011). Microwave-assisted polymerizations: Recent status and future perspectives. Macromolecules  vol. 44, (15) 5825-5842. 10.1021/ma2004794

(2011). Cu(0) mediated polymerization in toluene using online rapid GPC monitoring. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 49, (8) 1753-1763. 10.1002/pola.24595

Gottschaldt M, Delaney JT, Weisser J, Beer B, Wyrwa R, Schnabelrauch M and Schubert US (2011). Adhesion of Preosteoblasts and Fibroblasts onto Poly(pentafluorostyrene)-Based Glycopolymeric Films and their Biocompatibility. Macromolecular Bioscience  vol. 11, (4) 535-548. 10.1002/mabi.201000374

(2011). Synthesis of glycopolymers via click reactions. European Polymer Journal  vol. 47, (4) 435-446. 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2010.09.019

Slavin S, Jones MW, Amos CM, Becer CR, Whittaker MR, Haddleton DM, Boyer C and Davis TP (2011). Synthesis and modification of thermoresponsive poly(oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate) via catalytic chain transfer polymerization and thiol-ene michael addition. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 2, (4) 815-822. 10.1039/c0py00372g

Gottschaldt M, Weisser J, Schnabelrauch M and Schubert US (2011). Functionalized, biocompatible coating for superparamagnetic nanoparticles by controlled polymerization of a thioglycosidic monomer. Biomacromolecules  vol. 12, (3) 681-691. 10.1021/bm101325w

(2011). Optimised 'click' synthesis of glycopolymers with mono/di- and trisaccharides. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 2, (1) 107-113. 10.1039/c0py00260g


(2010). Clickable initiators, monomers and polymers in controlled radical polymerizations - A prospective combination in polymer science. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 1, (10) 1560-1598. 10.1039/c0py00168f

(2010). Dual hydrophilic polymers based on (meth)acrylic acid and poly(ethylene glycol) - Synthesis and water uptake behavior. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 1, (10) 1669-1676. 10.1039/c0py00156b

Becer CR, Gibson MI, Geng J, Ilyas R, Wallis R, Mitchell DA and Haddleton DM (2010). High-affinity glycopolymer binding to human DC-SIGN and disruption of DC-SIGN interactions with HIV envelope glycoprotein. Journal of The American Chemical Society  vol. 132, (43) 15130-15132. 10.1021/ja1056714

Schubert US (2010). Block length determination of the block copolymer mPEG-b-PS using MALDI-TOF MS/MS. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 48, (20) 4375-4384. 10.1002/pola.24223

(2010). Parallel optimization and high-throughput preparation of well-defined copolymer libraries using controlled/living polymerization methods. Advances in Polymer Science  vol. 225, (1) 17-62. 10.1007/12-2009-16

(2010). Investigation into thiol-(meth)acrylate Michael addition reactions using amine and phosphine catalysts. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 1, (8) 1196-1204. 10.1039/c0py00100g

(2010). High fidelity vinyl terminated polymers by combining RAFT and cobalt catalytic chain transfer (CCT) polymerization methods. Chemical Communications  vol. 46, (34) 6338-6340. 10.1039/c0cc01694b

(2010). Self-healing and self-mendable polymers. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 1, (7) 978-987. 10.1039/c0py00104j

(2010). Assessment of SET-LRP in DMSO using online monitoring and Rapid GPC. Polymer Chemistry  vol. 1, (7) 1086-1094. 10.1039/c0py00113a

(2010). Solubility and thermoresponsiveness of PMMA in alcohol-water solvent mixtures. Australian Journal of Chemistry  vol. 63, (8) 1173-1178. 10.1071/CH10083

(2010). RAFT polymerization meets coordination chemistry: Synthesis of a polymer-based iridium(III) emitter. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 31, (9-10) 827-833. 10.1002/marc.200900787

(2010). Metal-free synthesis of responsive polymers: Cloud point tuning by controlled click reaction. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 48, (6) 1278-1286. 10.1002/pola.23872

(2010). Dual responsive methacrylic acid and o1igo(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) containing graft copolymers. Macromolecules  vol. 43, (1) 160-167. 10.1021/ma902014q


Hoogenboom R, Rogers S, Can A, Becer CR, Guerrero-Sanchez C, Wouters D, Hoeppener S and Schubert US (2009). Self-assembly of double hydrophobic block copolymers in water-ethanol mixtures: From micelles to thermoresponsive micellar gels. Chemical Communications  (37) 5582-5584. 10.1039/b911858f

(2009). Click chemistry beyond metal-catalyzed cycloaddition. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition  vol. 48, (27) 4900-4908. 10.1002/anie.200900755

(2009). Synthetic polymeric nanoparticles by nanoprecipitation. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 19, (23) 3838-3840. 10.1039/b906556n

(2009). Lower critical solution temperature behavior of comb and graft shaped poly[oligo(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)methacrylate]s. Macromolecules  vol. 42, (8) 2965-2971. 10.1021/ma8028437

Becer CR, Babiuch K, Pilz D, Hornig S, Heinze T, Gottschaldt M and Schubert US (2009). Clicking pentafluorostyrene copolymers: Synthesis, nanoprecipitation, and glycosylation. Macromolecules  vol. 42, (7) 2387-2394. 10.1021/ma9000176

(2009). High temperature initiator-free RAFT polymerization of methyl methacrylate in a microwave reactor. Australian Journal of Chemistry  vol. 62, (3) 254-259. 10.1071/CH09064

(2009). Simplifying the free-radical polymerization of styrene: Microwave-assisted high-temperature auto polymerizations. Australian Journal of Chemistry  vol. 62, (1) 58-63. 10.1071/CH08413

(2009). Tailor made side-chain functionalized macromolecules by combination of controlled radical polymerization and click chemistry. Macromolecular Symposia  vol. 275-276, (1) 73-81. 10.1002/masy.200950109

Weber C, Becer RC, Baumgaertel A, Hoogenboom R and Schubert US (2009). Preparation of methacrylate end-functionalized poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) macromonomers. Designed Monomers and Polymers  vol. 12, 149-165. 10.1163/156855509X412090


(2008). Copolymers containing phosphorescent iridium(III) complexes obtained by free and controlled radical polymerization techniques. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 29, (24) 1919-1925. 10.1002/marc.200800561

(2008). Libraries of methacrylic acid and oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate copolymers with LCST behavior. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 46, (21) 7138-7147. 10.1002/pola.23018

(2008). Tuning the cloud point of methacrylic acid and oligoethyleneglycol methacrylate based random copolymers. American Chemical Society, Polymer Preprints, Division of Polymer Chemistry  vol. 49, (1) 1095-1096.

(2008). MALDI-TOF MS coupled with collision-induced dissociation (CID) measurements of poly(methyl methacrylate). Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 29, (15) 1309-1315. 10.1002/marc.200800150

(2008). Protocol for automated kinetic investigation/optimization of the RAFT polymerization of various monomers. Qsar and Combinatorial Science  vol. 27, (8) 977-983. 10.1002/qsar.200720159

(2008). Libraries of statistical hydroxypropyl acrylate containing copolymers with LCST properties prepared by NMP. Macromolecules  vol. 41, (14) 5132-5140. 10.1021/ma800469p

(2008). Synthesis of poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline)-b-poly(styrene) copolymers via a dual initiator route combining cationic ring-opening polymerization and atom transfer radical polymerization. Macromolecules  vol. 41, (14) 5210-5215. 10.1021/ma800527h

(2008). Acetyl halide initiator screening for the cationic ring-opening polymerization of 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline. Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics  vol. 209, (8) 794-800. 10.1002/macp.200700506


Schubert US (2007). Water uptake of hydrophilic polymers determined by a thermal gravimetric analyzer with a controlled humidity chamber. Journal of Materials Chemistry  vol. 17, (46) 4864-4871. 10.1039/b711990a

(2007). Cu(II)-mediated ATRP of MMA by using a novel tetradentate amine ligand with oligo(ethylene glycol) pendant groups. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 28, (10) 1161-1166. 10.1002/marc.200700109

(2007). Scale-up of microwave-assisted polymerizations in continuous-flow mode: Cationic ring-opening polymerization of 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline. Macromolecular Rapid Communications  vol. 28, (4) 484-491. 10.1002/marc.200600756

(2007). Patterned polymer brushes grafted from bromine-functionalized, chemically active surface templates. Small  vol. 3, (2) 220-225. 10.1002/smll.200600234


(2006). Alkylated linear amine ligands for homogeneous atom transfer radical polymerization. Acs Symposium Series  vol. 944, 98-110.

Remzi Becer C, Paulus RM, Hoogenboom R and Schubert US (2006). Optimization of the nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization conditions for styrene and tert-butyl acrylate in an automated parallel synthesizer. Journal of Polymer Science, Part a: Polymer Chemistry  vol. 44, (21) 6202-6213. 10.1002/pola.21694



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